Mobile Monday Nairobi: Meeting 1.

This evening the Nairobi Chapter of MobileMonday held its first meeting for mobile application developers at the iHub. MobileMonday is a global community of mobile industry visionaries, developers and influentials fostering cooperation and cross-border business development through virtual and live networking events to share ideas, best practices and trends from global markets. This is post is a summary of what was discussed at the meeting:

  • In terms of mobile platforms for applications for Kenya, Symbian (via Nokia Handsets) and Nokia’s OVI have the largest penetration in the marketplace. Apple’s iPhone and Google’s Android are yet to gain use in Kenya as the penetration is very minimal at this juncture.
  • When building for the PC web, applications tend to be expensive. faster to deploy and have more control when deployed. On the Mobile web, its cheaper to deploy, access tends to be slower, requires a smaller skill base but is not good at handling rich content such as Flash. Mobile applications tend to be faster at accessing online content than the mobile web as well as synchronizing to the cloud.
  • John Karanja is behind Whive is a Kenyan social network that started in 2008 on the PC web which recently has deployed a mobi web site following the realization that lots of local traffic comes from mobile handsets. The mobi Whive web site is Whive.mobi. Going forward it felt that location-based services will become popular in Kenya.
  • SIM Card-based applications could be the way for mobile applications in Kenya. In the case of Safaricom’s M-Pesa however they do not let application developers direct access to an API. This will need to change in the future so as to create an ecosystem as is the case with many global and leading platforms but for the time being workarounds are required.
  • Everyone seems to be talking about mobile applications but SMS is by far the most used form of communication on mobile phones in general (from an apps perspective). John Wesonga pointed out how his firm is building mobile SMS-based applications working with the United Nation’s Rapid SMS with structured SMS messages on the platform. However, structured SMS applications have limitations in that people think and use SMS differently so this represents challenges for widespread deployment and service convenience.
  • Mixit is very popular in South Africa which is a mobile based application that enables instant messaging at very low-cost. Mixit works on low-end feature phones that have basic internet connectivity (2G) and does not have to work on high-end smart phones and 2.5G or 3G. Kenya has a similar platform called Sembuse which works in more or less in the same way as Mixit but it has not gained major adoption in the marketplace (yet). The question that was left lingering is what did it take or how was it achieved in South Africa that Mixit has millions of users and is making good revenues? What can Kenya learn from the same?
  • Joshua Musau asked how can mobile application developers in Kenya come up with applications that can succeed to the same level as Safaricom’s M-Pesa. John Wesonga noted that the real reason for building mobile applications that would appeal to a large market with a big problem. The applications need to address a problem or else they may not be that successful, even if they are really “cool”. Its not the technology that holds back opportunity – its about find the right balance.
  • One of the big issues for mobile application developers is how they can market their offerings considering that they do not have the marketing muscle of Safaricom. How can the existing technology firms that are succeeding help these developers make headway. Liko Agosta from Verviant suggested that aspiring developers and technology entrepreneurs should get jobs for 5 years so that they can build their experiences and financial resources before stepping out on their own. They will also be able to approach financial institutions for support.
  • The smart phone (read iPhone and Android) business model and the feature phone business model greatly differ. In the smart phone model its all about enabling almost limitless possibilities. In the feature phone business model its about a fairly narrow and specific set of services being enabled. Since Africa and Kenya for that matter are largely feature phone markets and even then low-end feature phones application developers need to pay attention to this reality. An example was given of how an Indian developer built a B2B mobile application for the textile industry that has become really successful. Therefore, the challenge is how can Kenyan mobile application developers come up with applications that solve big problems and therefore can create business success – they key is to pay attention to the environment.
  • Can a “cool” app be profitable in Kenya? This is possible if application developers can think of how they plan to monetize their applications (for instance using Admob ads running in the application). Liko noted that we should stop focusing on the “bottom of the pyramid” when they can aim for the top and middle of the pyramid to make profits. One idea passed on was what if one could create an application that tracks Twitter trending topics in Kenya. Why was M-Pesa successful? It reaches everyone! Top, middle and bottom of the pyramid, all at once. However, it seems that getting the foot through the door in most cases for popular applications and web sites is to be free when launching.
  • Mixit was used during the latest Big Brother Africa for viewers to vote. It was also used to collect views during President Obama’s visit to West Africa not too long ago. The verdict is that mobile applications can make money in this manner so what can we learn in Kenya. Incidentally, Mixit plan to open begin marketing their application and services in Kenya. Ultimately, having a business model of sorts is key. Liko added that application developers need to have a value proposition that appeals to investors – “what’s in it for them before what’s in it for you”.

This is all I was able to capture before having leave. Hope you enjoyed reading the summary. You can also view a few pictures from this meeting here>

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  1. […] was well attended with 30 people in the hub talking about their ideas and applications. Here is a recap of the meet-up thanks to Moses […]

  2. April 19, 2010 at 12:54 pm — Reply

    This is a very insightful report. Building applications that solve particular problems will certainly make good revenues…but most times, spreading the word about the existence of such applications is a major headache for applications developers(entrepreneurs)….

    • Dorothy Ooko
      April 20, 2010 at 10:32 am — Reply

      Actually, that is where partnership with Nokia makes good sense. If Nokia believes that your application makes sense for our local market, then we promote your application on Ovi Store so that when anyone in our region goes to the Ovi Store, the local apps come first and are also on the recommended list.
      Currently we are promoting two apps: Afro Hot and Wazzup by two students of University of Nairobi. So get working on the apps and let Nokia spread the word for you!

      • kamochu
        April 21, 2010 at 5:22 am — Reply

        This is good initiative by Nokia!

  3. April 19, 2010 at 3:11 pm — Reply

    Another issue that came up in the aftermeet is if Safaricom has a business case for allowing Kenyans to access substantial business.

    This because applications like twitter, facebook or even local ones like sembuse and whive can provide the same services safaricom provides at a fee for free.

    e.g. if everyone had a Skype account and good bandwidth, Safaricom would be dead as a doornail because skype to skype calls is free.

    So allowing a Telco like Safaricom to be the major internet bandwidth provider does not board well for development in the application space primarily because it is not in their interest to allow the growth of products that will stifle the business.

    There is however one way out and i pray to God that the Dons at Safaricom see the light and do this.

    Safaricom should by controlling stakes in the soon to be prevalent applications that fill the space it doesn’t.

    Applications like PesaPal with the community support fit the bill.

    This will do 2 things

    1.Create a application developer industry that will rival itunes.
    2.Make billions in revenue because they shall become an AD agency in addition to being a Mobile Bank. Everyone knows that ADs is the real business.

    Unless Safaricom opens the APP space in Kenya we will be stuck in the SMS realm while the rest of the world moves to GeoLocated Tweets and therefore a new realm of living.

    Where is Makmende when you need him 🙁
    .-= John Karanja´s last blog ..It is time to build bridges 🙂 =-.

  4. April 20, 2010 at 6:20 am — Reply

    Very insightful, Moses. Thanks for this!

    The comments on Safaricom are a good point of discussion and we are sharing the same with them. What we have figured in our discussions is that they are pretty keen to experiment a lot more and eventually bring on board more consumer as well as developer friendly platforms and services.

  5. April 21, 2010 at 4:23 am — Reply

    Nice one Moses. Im really excited by the prospects of ADMOB making an entrance into this market, and as Karanja mentioned Safaricom may become the next digital ad agency, by powering mobile ads for this market.

    What in your opinion will make them shift from a walled garden operator, and open up their platform to local developers and aggregators ?
    .-= angela centra´s last blog ..creating a mobile marketing strategy =-.

  6. April 21, 2010 at 5:20 am — Reply

    Can a “cool” app be really profitable in Kenya?

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    • Dorothy Ooko
      April 23, 2010 at 9:08 am — Reply

      Yes! Once the billing method is agreed upon, a “cool” app is indeed very profitable. We were discussing with my colleague, Agatha Gikunda, who heads our Solutions business and the one app that has done really well is the “Private SMS” and now a new version of it, “Hide SMS” which hides SMS from your message box that you do not want to be seen. This app was sought by all, whether laborers or executives, the both wanted the same thing:privacy of their sms. In our discussions, the utility of the app is one thing and then the ease of use. You can put a premium monthly fee or an annual premium. People are willing to pay the price for an app that helps their lives.

      • April 24, 2010 at 5:58 am — Reply

        Hi Dorothy,

        I am also partnering with you guys to do the same. We already have a sneek pic of our SMS App on http://whive.com and http://whive.mobi

        So far Nokia has sponsored the APP for Symbian but we also need you guys to go further and sponsor the Ads.

        Otherwise keep sponsoring Kenyan and African developers, other Big Boys like Safaricom should follow Nokia’s example.



  7. April 22, 2010 at 3:52 am — Reply

    […] had a chance to show their work and discuss their experiences with their counterparts. Moses Kemibaro has a detailed account on his blog, here are the quick […]

  8. April 22, 2010 at 8:33 am — Reply

    I think the success of ringtones and ringback tunes has proved that their is a market for “cool” applications. They just have to be pushed in the right way. When the mobile companies start looking to push j2me apps instead of SMS apps it’ll be a sign of change.
    .-= Kenyan Music´s last blog ..CHAT Award Winners list =-.

  9. […] am also one of the few who has been calling for this exact move (see here and here) not because i am the seer of Kariamandu but also because i have about 3 Apps if given the […]

  10. […] which is also  often talked about in forums such as the recent Mobile Monday (MoMo see here and here ) at the iHub is how to bridge the information gap within and between people in our Kenyan and […]

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